2023 Florida Statutes< Back to Statute Search
Title XXXVII INSURANCE
Chapter 624 INSURANCE CODE: ADMINISTRATION AND GENERAL PROVISIONS
SECTION 605“Casualty insurance” defined.
624.605 “Casualty insurance” defined.—
(1) “Casualty insurance” includes:
(a) Vehicle insurance.—Insurance against loss of or damage to any land vehicle or aircraft or any draft or riding animal, or to property while contained therein or thereon or being loaded or unloaded therein or therefrom, from any hazard or cause, and against any loss, liability, or expense resulting from or incidental to ownership, maintenance, or use of any such vehicle, aircraft, or animal. As to land vehicles, the term also includes insurance providing for medical, hospital, surgical, and disability benefits to injured persons, and funeral and death benefits to dependents, beneficiaries, or personal representatives of persons killed, irrespective of the legal liability of the insured, while in, entering, alighting from, adjusting, repairing, cranking, or being struck by a vehicle, if such insurance is issued as a part of a liability insurance contract.
(b) Liability insurance.—Insurance against legal liability for the death, injury, or disability of any human being, or for damage to property, with provision for medical, hospital, and surgical benefits to the injured persons, irrespective of the legal liability of the insured, when issued as a part of a liability insurance contract.
(c) Workers’ compensation and employer’s liability.—Insurance of the obligations accepted by, imposed upon, or assumed by employers under law for death, disablement, or injury of employees.
(d) Burglary and theft.—Insurance against loss or damage by burglary, theft, larceny, robbery, forgery, fraud, vandalism, malicious mischief, confiscation, or wrongful conversion, disposal, or concealment, or from any attempt at any of the foregoing; including supplemental coverage for medical, hospital, surgical, and funeral expense incurred by the named insured or any other person as a result of bodily injury during the commission of a burglary, robbery, or theft by another; also insurance against loss of or damage to moneys, coins, bullion, securities, notes, drafts, acceptances or any other valuable papers and documents, resulting from any cause.
(e) Personal property floater.—Insurance upon personal effects against loss or damage from any cause under a floater.
(f) Glass.—Insurance against loss or damage to glass, including its lettering, ornamentation, and fittings.
(g) Boiler and machinery.—Insurance against any liability and loss or damage to property or interest resulting from accidents to or explosions of boilers, pipes, pressure containers, machinery, or apparatus, and to make inspection of and issue certificates of inspection upon boilers, machinery, and apparatus of any kind, whether or not insured; together with provision for medical, hospital, and surgical benefits to the injured persons, irrespective of the legal liability of the insured, when issued as an incidental coverage which is part of a liability insurance contract.
(h) Leakage and fire extinguishing equipment.—Insurance against loss or damage to any property or interest caused by the breakage or leakage of sprinklers, hose, pumps, and other fire extinguishing equipment or apparatus, water pipes or containers, or by water entering through leaks or openings in buildings, and insurance against such loss or damage to such sprinklers, hose, pumps, and other fire extinguishing equipment or apparatus.
(i) Credit.—Insurance against loss or damage resulting from failure of debtors to pay their obligations to the creditor (including loss or damage resulting from the involuntary unemployment of the debtors), except insurance against loss or damage resulting from the death or disability of the debtors. However, insurance may not be written as credit insurance if it falls within the definition of financial guaranty insurance, as defined in s. 627.971.
(j) Credit property insurance.—Credit property insurance is a limited line of insurance providing coverage on personal property used as collateral for securing a loan or on personal property purchased under an installment sales agreement. Credit property insurance shall not be considered to be property insurance. The coverage shall be issued on an inland marine policy form, and coverage limits shall be restricted to the initial amount of the loan or the amount of the installment sale.
(k) Malpractice.—Insurance against legal liability of the insured, and against loss, damage, or expense incidental to a claim of such liability, arising out of the death, injury, or disablement of any person, or arising out of damage to the economic interest of any person, as the result of negligence in rendering expert, fiduciary, or professional service.
(l) Animal.—Insurance against loss or damage to animals, and services of a veterinary for such animals.
(m) Elevator.—Insurance against loss of or damage to any property of the insured resulting from the ownership, maintenance, or use of elevators, except loss or damage by fire, together with provision for medical, hospital, and surgical benefits to injured persons, irrespective of the legal liability of the insured, when issued as an incidental coverage which is part of a liability insurance contract.
(n) Entertainments.—Insurance indemnifying the producer of any motion picture, television, radio, theatrical, sport, spectacle, entertainment, or similar production, event, or exhibition against loss from interruption, postponement, or cancellation thereof due to death, accidental injury, or sickness of performers, participants, directors, or other principals.
(o) Failure of certain institutions to record documents.—Insurance indemnifying banks, bankers, trust companies, and credit unions against loss from failure or omission to record as public records chattel mortgages and liens of every kind upon personal property, given, held, delivered, or possessed as security or collateral for loans, advances, debts, or obligations of all kinds, provided that such insurance does not indemnify intentional omission to comply with the law relating to the recording of liens upon motor vehicles, nor to the intentional omission to record mortgages upon real property.
(p) Failure to file certain personal property instruments.—With respect to persons and institutions other than those referred to in paragraph (o), insurance against loss resulting from failure to file or record written instruments affecting the title of, or creating a lien upon, personal property.
(q) Miscellaneous.—When first approved by the office as not being contrary to law or public policy nor covered by any other kind of insurance as defined in the code, insurance against liability for any other kind of loss or damage to person or property, properly a subject of insurance and not within any other kind of insurance as defined in this code.
(r) Insurance for debt cancellation products.—Insurance that a creditor may purchase against the risk of financial loss from the use of debt cancellation products with consumer loans or leases or retail installment contracts. Insurance for debt cancellation products is not liability insurance but is considered credit insurance only for the purposes of s. 631.52(4).
1. For purposes of this paragraph, the term “debt cancellation products” means loan, lease, or retail installment contract terms, or modifications to loan, lease, or retail installment contracts, under which a creditor agrees to cancel or suspend all or part of a customer’s obligation to make payments upon the occurrence of specified events and includes, but is not limited to, debt cancellation contracts, debt suspension agreements, and guaranteed asset protection contracts. However, the term does not include title insurance as defined in s. 624.608.
2. Debt cancellation products may be offered by financial institutions as defined in s. 655.005, insured depository institutions as defined in 12 U.S.C. s. 1813(c), and subsidiaries of such institutions, as provided in the financial institutions codes; by sellers as defined in s. 721.05, or by the parents, subsidiaries, or affiliated entities of sellers, in connection with the sale of timeshare interests; or by other business entities as specifically authorized by law, and such products are not insurance for purposes of the Florida Insurance Code.
(2) The provision of medical, hospital, surgical, and funeral benefits, and of coverage against accidental death or injury, as part of other insurance as stated under paragraphs (a) (vehicle), (b) (liability), (d) (burglary and theft), (g) (boiler and machinery), or (m) (elevator) of subsection (1) shall for all purposes be deemed to be the same kind of insurance to which it is incidental and shall not be subject to provisions of this code applicable to life or health insurance.
History.—s. 103, ch. 59-205; ss. 13, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 1, ch. 69-200; s. 3, ch. 76-168; s. 1, ch. 77-457; s. 84, ch. 79-40; ss. 1, 3, ch. 79-156; ss. 2, 3, ch. 81-318; ss. 79(2nd), 86, 809(1st), ch. 82-243; s. 9, ch. 82-386; s. 14, ch. 83-145; s. 5, ch. 88-87; ss. 187, 188, ch. 91-108; s. 4, ch. 91-429; s. 2, ch. 94-133; s. 852, ch. 2003-261; s. 3, ch. 2008-75; s. 6, ch. 2009-133; s. 40, ch. 2011-194.