2023 Florida Statutes< Back to Statute Search
Title XLVI CRIMES
Chapter 870 AFFRAYS; RIOTS; ROUTS; UNLAWFUL ASSEMBLIES
SECTION 01Affrays and riots.
870.01 Affrays and riots.—
(1) A person commits an affray if he or she engages, by mutual consent, in fighting with another person in a public place to the terror of the people. A person who commits an affray commits a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
(2) A person commits a riot if he or she willfully participates in a violent public disturbance involving an assembly of three or more persons, acting with a common intent to assist each other in violent and disorderly conduct, resulting in:
(a) Injury to another person;
(b) Damage to property; or
(c) Imminent danger of injury to another person or damage to property.
(3) A person commits aggravated rioting if, in the course of committing a riot, he or she:
(a) Participates with 25 or more other persons;
(b) Causes great bodily harm to a person not participating in the riot;
(c) Causes property damage in excess of $5,000;
(d) Displays, uses, threatens to use, or attempts to use a deadly weapon; or
(e) By force, or threat of force, endangers the safe movement of a vehicle traveling on a public street, highway, or road.
(4) A person commits inciting a riot if he or she willfully incites another person to participate in a riot, resulting in a riot or imminent danger of a riot. A person who commits inciting a riot commits a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
(5) A person commits aggravated inciting a riot if he or she:
(a) Incites a riot resulting in great bodily harm to another person not participating in the riot;
(b) Incites a riot resulting in property damage in excess of $5,000; or
(c) Supplies a deadly weapon to another person or teaches another person to prepare a deadly weapon with intent that the deadly weapon be used in a riot for an unlawful purpose.
(6) Except for a violation of subsection (1), a person arrested for a violation of this section shall be held in custody until brought before the court for admittance to bail in accordance with chapter 903.
(7) This section does not prohibit constitutionally protected activity such as a peaceful protest.
History.—s. 35, Feb. 10, 1832; RS 2406; GS 3239; RGS 5072; CGL 7174; s. 1, ch. 67-407; s. 1125, ch. 71-136; s. 15, ch. 2021-6; s. 67, ch. 2022-4.